Chronic illness

When you experience persistent chronic pain, it can feel like the start of a slippery slope, as if your life is getting out of control.

It’s natural to feel down but you don’t need to carry that hurt and sadness with you every day. Our goal isn’t to replace the medical support you may already receive, it’s about learning how to thrive despite chronic pain. Many patients find that managing their condition makes them more resilient. Chronic pain affects you but it doesn’t have to control you. 

What is chronic pain?

Chronic pain persists for more than three months, causing exhaustion and stress. This can lead to depression, anxiety, cognitive impairment, and sleep difficulties, worsening the situation. Unlike acute pain from injuries like cuts, bruises, or fractures, chronic pain persists continuously, possibly originating from a specific injury or infection. The brain receives abnormal messages from the nervous system long after the original condition.

Medical conditions like arthritis, coronary disease, cancer, diabetes, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and nerve damage can also cause ongoing pain. Sometimes, chronic pain has no clear cause, but it remains very real for the person experiencing it. Common types of pain include back pain, headaches, and joint pain, which can significantly impair work and day-to-day tasks. It can make you feel like you’re losing control of your life, leading to reduced socialization and withdrawal from favorite activities due to fear of re-injury.

Symptoms of chronic pain

Chronic pain is a subjective experience, which means it varies from person to person and cannot be easily explained to others. But understanding signs and symptoms is an important step toward feeling better. 


Pain may include sensations like: 

Dull aches


Extreme sensitivity to touch, heat and cold








Trauma and stress make a pain disorder worse for both you and your family. You may feel tired all the time, which affects your ability to do things you normally enjoy.

Other psychological symptoms include: 




Insomnia (trouble sleeping)

Mood swings

If you’ve been struggling to stay focused, or have become easily irritated, there are steps you can take to feel rejuvenated and happy again.

Diagnosing chronic pain

How can psychologists help people with chronic pain? In our practice, we treat many patients with chronic pain. We see that lots of people have created stress for themselves by feeling hopeless and overwhelmed. Our role as psychologists is to help manage your thoughts, feelings and behaviours and improve your quality of life. We often collaborate with healthcare professionals who specialise in physical pain symptoms. 

To diagnose how chronic pain affects you mentally we’ll ask you about: 

Where and when you experience pain

Whether anything makes it better or worse

Things in your medical history (illness, surgery) that may be important.

We’ll also ask you to discuss any stress or anxiety and how much your pain affects your routine. Usually, we will give you a questionnaire to help record your feelings and thoughts. 

Once we have worked with you to identify what’s contributing to your pain, we can then develop a personalised treatment plan.

Treatments for chronic pain

If you’ve been experiencing pain for an extended time, you know how much it can take over your life. 

When you’re coping with negative emotions, it’s easy to get stuck. You might feel like nothing can help and that this is just how your life will always be. As psychologists, we can provide you with self-care techniques. These aim to help you stay positive when living with a long-term illness and manage chronic pain. The way we approach pain depends on each person and takes into account age, general health, the kind of pain and its cause (if known). Psychological therapy may form a part of a wider strategy from other professionals. It might involve medication, physical therapies and lifestyle changes. With chronic pain, medicines are not always effective. However, tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline are often prescribed for nerve pain.

So how do psychological treatments help with chronic pain?

In short, how you deal with your emotions directly affects your pain experience. Fatigue, depression, anxiety, stress and problems at work or home can make the pain more challenging to cope with. This can cause muscle tension or spasms, which may worsen your pain. Stress also contributes to health problems such as heart disease, high blood pressure and obesity. 

Lifestyle changes

Many lifestyle factors that you can manage yourself help both physical and mental symptoms. 

These include: 

Regular low-intensity exercise (of a kind that’s safe to do with a chronic pain condition)

Following a healthy, anti-inflammatory diet 

Getting enough good quality sleep

Evidence-based treatments

Our evidence-based treatments will teach you various self-care techniques to control stress and give you a new perspective on pain.

These include: 

Relaxation techniques



Guided imagery

Deep breathing

Counselling and therapy

Counselling and psychological therapies also help you develop coping skills and change how you think about pain. 

A successful course of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) enables you to challenge negative thoughts and change how your brain processes pain signals. 

You can learn how to pace yourself during each day and talk to others about why you need to take time out for yourself. Pain management means doing things differently. Gradually you can reintroduce the activities you used to enjoy as your energy levels improve. 


Book a Consultation

When you feel like there’s no end in sight, we can help clear the fog. Rather than letting your feelings and worries drag you down, you can use some of the strategies mentioned above to help you stay positive. There is no universal way to treat pain that works for everybody. How each individual reacts to different therapies varies dramatically. So, it’s important to know what is available for chronic pain and how each of the treatment options works. Book an appointment to discuss how to find support and relief while living with chronic pain.

Other Adult Symptoms



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